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The Archeometry of Historical Glass

nauki techniczne » inżynieria materiałowa
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The book is a comprehensive interdisciplinary study combining knowledge of materials science and methods with historical knowledge of ancient glass. This is a difficult subject and still not very common. At the same time, it requires an interdisciplinary approach, knowledge of archaeology, history and concerning engineering research methods. There are not many studies in the materials engineering literature on material analysis of various archaeological artefacts. This book contains a wealth of information that will certainly prove useful to conservation historians. The interdisciplinary study of archaeological artefacts using materials engineering research methods is still a new field and there is still a paucity of literature studies on the subject. The monograph presented here fills this gap.

The aim of the study was to diagnose glass objects within the relevant conservation standards and to obtain information which was useful directly for both conservators andhistorians. Thanks to the existence of numerous materials science research methods, it was possible to choose the most appropriate one for the particular object. It was a unique approach to the problem of the analysis of historical glass fragments. The effectiveness of the methodology developed was based on an individual approach to each element being examined, starting with the selection of analytical methods suitable for each element, and finishing with the production its analog, known as a glass sensor. The investigations presented here relate mainly to the use of materials science in the study of glass corrosion, carried out in collaboration with historians, conservators and archaeologists. 

Spis treści

From the author  7
Chapter I. Old glass and its durability  11
I.1. Introduction 11
I.2. Glass corrosion  13
I.3. Archaeometry in the protection of cultural heritage  33
Chapter I bibliography  34
Chapter II. Results of analysis of selected historical glass  37
II.1. Windowpanes from the 3rd century AD  37
Sub-Chapter II.1 bibliography  45
II.2. Celtic glass  46
II.2.1. Introduction  46
II.2.2. Decolouring Celtic glass  49
II.2.3. Colouring cobalt-blue Celtic bracelets  71
Sub-Chapter II.2 bibliography  78
II.3. Medieval stained glass from the 14th century  79
Sub-Chapter II.3 bibliography  97
II.4. Crown glass  98
Sub-Chapter II.4 bibliography  111
II.5. Glass decorations  111
II.5.1. Introduction  111
II.5.2. Glass decorative elements on the St. Stanislaus mitre  113
II.5.3. Picture of the Virgin Mary with Child  123
II.5.4. Glass decorations on a Levite gown  128
Sub-Chapter II.5 bibliography  134
II.6. The Biecz altar decorated with verre églomisé  134
II.6.1. Introduction  134
II.6.2. Analysis of the glass elements of the Biecz altar  135
Sub-Chapter II.6 bibliography  147
II.7. Glass-metal connections  147
II.7.1. Introduction  147
II.7.2. Excavated rings made of glass and metal  150
II.7.3. 14th century enamel from LIMOGES applied onto copper  165
Sub-Chapter II.7 bibliography  190
II.8. 18th and 19th century chandeliers  191
II.8.1. Introduction  191
II.8.2. Analysis of 18th and 19th century chandelier elements  192
Sub-Chapter II.8 bibliography  201
Chapter III. Monitoring the display conditions of historical glass  203
III.1. Introduction  203
III.2. The glass sensor method  203
Sub-Chapter III.1–2 bibliography  209
III.3. Monitoring temperature with thermovision  210
Sub-Chapter III.3 bibliography  223
Chapter IV. Summary of results  225
IV.1. Introduction  225
IV.2. Discovering the methods used for creating and decorating historical glass  226
Acknowledgements  231
Selected extracts from reviews  233
Selected colour illustrations  235

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